Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil. Terrestrial plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as perlite, gravel, biochar, mineral wool, expanded clay pebbles or coconut husk.

If you have a desire to start farming in a hydroponic way, it’s good to first identify the best variety of hydroponic growing media. By knowing earlier, of course you can easily determine and menyesukaikan media planting in accordance with your budget. Here we will mention what are the names of hydroponic planting mediums that are used for hydroponics.


It’s a kind of volcanic glass (composed chiefly of silica) that has been super-heated until it explodes. Perlite is mixed into potting soil, but it also works alone as a soilless medium in h hydroponic system. Perlite pulls moisture from reservoirs and gradually disperses it to plant roots. It’s naturally sterile, helping to protect your plants from diseases. But tiny little grains of perlite tend to wash away when the growing system is flushed. Perlite dust also can irritate your lungs, so it’s best to wear a mask when working with it. Branded bags of perlite may have added fertilier – stickm with pure perlite so you keep control of your plants nutrient levels.

<picture 1. Perlite>


Fiber gathered from cocnut huks (a by product of processing the fruits for food) is formed into large blocks, smaller bricks or planter pots. It’s sometimes labeled as “cocopeat” or “coco –coir”. Coir holds as much as 10 times its weight in water. Like a sponge, choir holds moisture and slowly releases it. It is biodegeradable, so you can dispose of it in your compost pile. Coir is a low-cost option that’s available wherever garden supplies are sold. But, Choir’s moistures retention advantage can be a drawback in reservoir systems because it can stay constantly wet, creating conditions hospitable to fungus around your plants. The fine particles are hard to keep out of reservoirs.



Basalt rock and chalk are melted at a very high temperature and then spun into fibers. Originally designed for use as insulation, Rock Wool is now formed into various size of cubes, typically with convenirnt planting holes in the center. 98% of the nutrient solution applied to Rock Wool is available to the plant. The open pore structure leaves room for growth. Rock Wool does not leach minerals into your nutrient solution. Rock Wool must be sterilized before each successive use (and it eventually loses its structure) and its not biodegradable. It has a higher pH than other media. Remember to watch the pH carefully and be prepared to bring it down into the range best suited for hydroponic growing with phosphoric or citric acid.

<picture 3. Rock Wool>


Lightweight Expanded Clyah Aggregate is clay that’s been pelletized and fired in klins until it expands into small, orange – red balls. They’re often called “grow rocks”. The super – absorbent pellets quickly suck up and hold excess moisture. Their round shape is sturdy and gentle on plant’s roots. They have a neutral pH and leach no minerals into the nutrient solution. Grow rocks are reusable, if you take the time to clean them thoroughhly between each growth cycle. But, as the pellets age, they break down and the clay can clog pumps and emitters. You can order bags of the pellets online, but they’re not found in every local garden center. And they’re more costly than perlite or coir

<picture 4. Clay Pellets>



83% of wood pellets from Indonesia in 2014 of about 63,000 from almost 75,912 tons have been exported and shipped to South Korea, which represents roughly 79% of Indonesia’s total production.

Wood pellets is defined as the most common type of pellet fuel that are generally made from compacted sawdust and related industrial wastes from the milling of lumber, manufacture of wood products and furniture, and construction.

Wood pellets have some additional benefits that you may be unaware of. Wood pellets are 100% natural. There are no binders, chemicals, or dangerous additives that could be harmful to you or the environment. Wood naturally contains a substance, lignin, that binds wood pellets in their tightly compacted, mostly uniform shape.

So, here is some of the reasons why you should buy wood pellets :

  1. Efficient 

Wood pellets are an efficient source of heat because they contain very low levels of moisture and ash, when compared to woodchips or cordwood. Virtually all of the material is burned and converted to heat.

  1. Cost-effective

Wood pellets are economically competitive with home fossil fuel options and electric heat. Relative to other home heating alternatives, pellet fuel prices are less volatile.

  1. Convenient 

Bags of pellets are easy to store. A ton of pellets consists of fifty 40-lb bags and stacks neatly in a 4′ x 4′ x’ 4′ area. Bags of pellets pour directly into a stove hopper, and regulating the rate at which the fuel flows into the hopper is easy given the small, uniform size of the pellets.

  1. Environmentally responsible 

Wood pellets are a sustainable fuel source, and burning wood pellets is carbon neutral.

  1. Renewable 

Wood pellets are a biomass product made of wood waste or other forest-thinning byproducts. According to data collected by the Pellet Fuels Institute, wood pellets are an unlimited fuel source.

  1. Locally produced 

Wood pellet mills provide jobs, support local economies and can lead to energy independence

Interested in buying our wood pellets? Please contact us or send your inquiry.




Some foods are considerably healthier than others from a nutritional perspective, and certain foods are considered extra beneficial by health professionals and nutritionists. Black pepper is just such an example. Not only is black pepper a useful flavoring element, but it’s also a rich source of minerals and nutrients.

Best of all, it’s easy to incorporate black pepper into your diet. A pinch of black pepper added to any recipe works more than just a flavor enhancer. This king of spices is known to offer a number of health benefits while providing an excellent depth of flavor to a dish.

A pinch of black pepper added to any recipe works more than just a flavor enhancer. This king of spices is known to offer a number of health benefits while providing an excellent depth of flavor to a dish. The use of black pepper in the diet helps to promote weight loss, improve digestion, relieve a cough and cold, boost metabolism, and treat skin problems.

Here are so facts you must know how to select and store black pepper.

Black pepper is available around the year in all the stores. It’s better to buy whole pepper seeds, not the powdered black pepper. Black pepper is available whole, crushed or ground into powder. To ensure best flavor, look for peppercorns that are compact, round, heavy, wholesome, and free of any blemishes. Buy whole peppercorns and grind them yourself in a mill just before adding to a recipe. In addition to superior flavor, buying whole peppercorns will help to ensure that you are purchasing unadulterated pepper since ground pepper is oftentimes mixed with other spices.

Peppercorns can be stored for months in a dry air-tight container at room temperature, in a dry and dark place. And keep the ground black pepper in the refrigerator for a longer shelf life.

Even through dried herbs and spices like black pepper are widely available in supermarkets, you may want to explore the local spice stores in your area. Oftentimes, these stores feature an expansive selection of dried herbs and spices that are of superior quality and freshness than those offered in regular markets. Just like with other dried spices, when purchasing black pepper try to select that which is organically grown since this will give you more assurance that it has not been irradiated (among other potential adverse effects, irradiating black pepper may lead to a significant decrease in its vitamin C content.)

Black pepper should be kept in a tightly sealed glass container in a cool, dark and dry place. Whole peppercorns will keep almost indefinitely, while ground pepper will stay fresh for about three months. Pepper can also be frozen although this will make its flavor more pronounced.

Word of Caution: 

Pepper may cause sneezing. Patients who have undergone abdominal surgery should not add excessive pepper to their diet because it can have an irritating effect on the intestines. Black pepper should not be taken in high concentration, and if you see signs of an allergic reaction, discontinue its use and consult a doctor.





Virtually all parts of the coconut tree have multiple critical applications hence it has attained known as the tree of life in many parts of Asia, the coconut tree belongs to the family of Arecaceae belonging to the palm trees. In some parts of Asia, there doesn’t go a day without having any help from a coconut tree, in any form, as in food or any other way. Coconut tree has a variety of useful products which can be made with ease using the many parts of the tree from the leaves to the roots. And also provides a lot of health benefits with its nutritional components.

The following details the amazing benefits of each part of the coconut tree.


The roots for example can be used as a beverage, for dying stuff and medicine.


The shells can be used as charcoal in many rural areas of the world or for making handicraft items. Coconut Shell Charcoal is one of another valuable commercial product which is created out of coconut shell. Coconut shell is the hardest part of coconut which located in side of coconut husk by protecting coconut meat. Normally coconut charcoal created by the different process of burning coconut shells from mature coconut. Coconut Shell Charcoal are mainly use to create active carbon which got so many valuable commercial applications. Coconuts charcoals are use to laid with sand an other biomass materials before the grass are get planted. This get a good quality grasses and most of global golf courses developers are use this technology by considering its advantages.


The tree leaves can be used when dried as roofing materials, paper pulp making, midrib hats mats and lamp shades and many more. Coconut Leaves also are used to wrap white rice called Puso.


The most important use from the coconut tree would be the coconut milk used to make curries in many tropical and Asian countries as a part of their daily meal preparations as well as coconut oil which can be extracted from coconut milk, which is used as the primary cooking oil in Asian countries. The coconut oil is known for its anti-microbial properties and is said to be good for your skin, hair and face when applied in different forms. It also helps in maintain cholesterol level, reducing weight, boosted immune system, proper digestion and regulated metabolism. It also provides relief from kidney problems, heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, HIV, and cancer, while helping to improve dental quality and bone strength.


Coconut water is the ultimate thirst quencher and offers a tasty alternative to water. This pure liquid is packed with nutrients that yield an array of health benefits. It also provides proper hydration, balances the electrolytes in the body and natural kidney cleansing


Coconut Trunk uses for buildings parts. Extract paper pulp, produces durable wood for furniture pieces, building construction, residental houses and novlety items. Out of the Coconut Trunk, handy and durable wood is obtained to make various pieces of furniture and novelty items. Paper pulp can also be extracted from the trunk.


Produces coir commonly used for creating ropes, mats, and coarse clothes. Coconut Husk Fiber also can used in hydroponic industry got different names such as coconut coir peat, coconut peat, coconut coir fiber pitch, coconut coir dust ect.


Coconut Spathe and Guinit can produce and creates headgears like helmets and caps. It can also be used for creatinghandbags and sandal straps.


Good source of protein and a natural laxative. Produces product such as coco flour, desiccated coconut, coco milk, chips, candies, and animal feeds. Mea/nut also use for salad and other sweet delicacies.


Useful in creating apparels. Can also produce alcohol an vinegar by having the sap boiled to make syrup that will be processed and fermented.


Here’s an explanation about the benefits of each part of the coconut tree, may be useful. and will be reference for you the one who choose coconut shell charcoal instead wood charcoal