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A PORTRAIT OF DIVERSITY IN INDONESIAN HERBS AND SPICES

A PORTRAIT OF DIVERSITY IN INDONESIAN HERBS AND SPICES

Indonesian food is rich in spices or rempah. Indonesian cooking has been influenced over the centuries by many nationalities and cultures, particularly Chinese, Indian and Dutch. Indonesian spices that are native to Indonesia include pepper, mace, cloves, cinnamon, galangal, ect. The many other spices that are used have been introduced over the centuries, mainly from India and China, but are now regarded as true Indonesian spices.

Despite having such an extremely diverse cuisine, Indonesian spices are integral to all the regional dishes. Indonesian cooking has become popular in other parts of Southeast Asia, particularly classics such as rending, sambal and satay, which are widely consumed in Malaysia and Singapore.

From the simplest dish like sauce (in Bahasa is “Sambal”) to the complicated, slow-cooked Rendang, spices are indeed important cooking is very difficult, it’s not really true. In fact it’s really easy, if you know the types of spices you are going to use in the cooking, and how to use them.

Below are some of the essential spices or essential herbs (in Bahasa is “bumbu dapur”) used in Indonesian dishes, that you might be not familiar with. This time we will discuss two kinds of spices in Indonesia that is pepper and cloves.

Do you know about kind of Pepper and Cloves spices ? Have you ever found in the food that you consumeLet’s see the explanation in detail!

PEPPER

The data statistic shows the production of pepper in Indonesia from 2011 to 2015, with an estimate for 2016 and 2017. In 2017, it was estimated that approximately 65 thousand metric tons of pepper would be produced in Indonesia. Pepper flourishes well in hot and humid climate along with good rain. Southern India and Vietnam favors pepper production very well. This is the reason that 95% of the world pepper grows in these countries. Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Vietnam and Sri Lanka are also other major pepper producing countries. In Indonesia, pepper is a small holder estate crop and labor intensive commodity mainly cultivated in Lampung for black, Bangka Belitung and Kalimantan for white pepper. Peppers add a flavourful kick to your meal, plus they’re loaded with vitamins and disease-fighting properties.

Check out these health benefits of black and white peppers!

Black pepper is a rich source of minerals like manganesecoppermagnesiumcalcium, phosphorous, iron, pottassium, and vitamins like riboflavinvitamin C, K, and B6. Black pepper has a high content of dietary fiber and has a moderate amount of protein and carbohydrates too. Black pepper aids in weight loss, and treats sinus, asthma, and nasal congestion. It also reduces the risk of cancer, and heart and liver ailments.

White peerper health benefits can not be underestimated, just like other spices, white pepper also can prevent cancer and useful for weight loss. Same a black pepper, White pepper contains saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat. Its composition also includes sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, selenium, copper and manganese. White pepper is a source of fiber and protein.

CLOVES

Cloves are the dried flower buds of an evergreen tree native to eastern Indonesia. Cloves are a versatile spice that can be used in drinks and in both sweet and savoury dishes.  Cloves have many health benefits, and have been used for many purposes over the years. Some of the most common medicinal uses of cloves include treatment for toothache pain, stress relief (usually in the form of aromatherapy) and inflammation reduction for arthritis and other inflammation. mIn many alternative medicine traditions, cloves are considered to be warming and stimulating.

Cloves can be cooked into various foods and drinks for some health benefit. Clove oil can be applied topically or used in aromatherapy. You must know! The nutrients found in 100 grams of cloves include 65 grams of carbohydrate, 6 grams of protein, 13 grams of total lipids, 2 grams of sugars, 274 kcal of energy and 33 grams of dietary fibersMinerals in cloves include calciumironmagnesium, phosphorous, potassiumsodium, and zinc. The vitamins found in them include vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavinniacin, folate, vitamin B6vitamin B12vitamin Avitamin Evitamin D, and vitamin K.

Indonesia Cloves Production in 2016 – 2017 is expected to be around 85,000 Metric Tons, Excluding 5,000 Metric Tons carry forward stocks from the last year crop of 2015 – 2016. Hence bringing the total availability of Cloves from Indonesia up to 90,000 Metric Tons for year 2016 – 2017

If you have further inquiries or in case you want more information about Indonesian spices, please feel free and do not hesitate to contact us at: info.nudira@gmail.com

 

TYPES OF MEDICAL EQUIPMENT IN HOSPITAL

TYPES OF MEDICAL EQUIPMENT IN HOSPITAL

Let’s get to know the health equipment in the hospital!

Have you identified any kind of medical Equipment?

If you include people who are involved in medical life, of course you are very familiar with the tools that exist in your daily life. But for those of you who are not medical people, maybe just some health tools that you recognize. No matter who you are, there is nothing wrong if you recognize the various types of medical Equipment. OKAY!

According to Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah/PP) No. 72/1998 on the Security of Pharmaceutical and Medical Equipment, Medical Equipment are tools, apparatus, machines, implants containing no medicines used to prevent, diagnose, cure and alleviate illness, care for the sick and health in humans and or to build structures and improve body functions.

Since World War II in Indonesia is familiar with Aesculap tools from Germany. Now widely known the name of the government factory Dimedia, Chiron, Diener, Reicodent, Rudolv, Martin etc. According to the Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia No. 116 / SK / 79 (Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan RI), medical Equipment can be classified into:

  1. Preparation of scheduling and health care
  2. Pesticides and insecticides for pest and pet protection
  3. Beauty tools used in beauty salons
  4. Plastic and glass containers for medicine and injection, and infusion rubber bottles
  5. Midwifery and hgynekology equipment
  6. Anesthesia apparatus
  7. Dental equipment and equipment
  8. THT equipment and medical supplies
  9. Eyewear equipment and equipment

 

There are many medical Equipment with different categories according to their function and function. As a basis for the introduction of medical Equipment often used by patients or used medical and nurses in the hospital. These include:

 

Medical Equipment for treatment

  • Plaster – to cover an injury with an adhesive.
  • Gauze cloth – in the form of rare fabrics, such as ram wire for verband or wound cover.
  • Hot Bottles – for hot compresses.
  • Ice Bag – for cold compresses.
  • Milk Pump – to help pump the milk out of the breast that is breastfeeding.
  • Nipple Protector – to protect scuffed nipples during breastfeeding.
  • Air Cusion – as a seat on hemorrhoids / hemorrhoids.
  • Colostomy Bag – to accommodate feces in patients after colon surgery (artificial intestinal surgery through muscle and abdominal skin).
  • Urinal – to contain urine in patients.
  • Bedpan – to accommodate the feces in the patient.
  • Emesis basin – to accommodate vomiting, pus, cotton wool.

 

Tools for medical action

  • Gloves – to protect the hands from environmental influences.
  • Cathether – to remove / retrieve urine.
  • Urine Bag – to accommodate urine associated with Balloon Cathether / Foley Cathether to remove / retrieve urine on a closed system.
  • Stomach Tube – to collect the liquid / gastric juice, to rinse / stomach contents.
  • Feeding Tube – Function: for nutrition / feeding fluids through the mouth or nose.
  • Cathether Suction – to suck the mucus from the newborn trachea.
  • Wing needle – as an extension of the vein for infusion of intravenous fluids or long-term intra-vein drugs.
  • Infusion set – hose for infusion fluids.
  • Tranfusion Set – for blood transfusion.
  • Spuit / Syringe – to inject.
  • Syringe – to inject coupled with syringes.
  • Glycerin syringes – to spray lavement / clysma through the liquid anus often used is glycerine or soap solution.
  • Currete – to clear the uterus in abortion patients / miscarriage

Tool to diagnose illness.

  • Color blind test – to check for people who are color blind.
  • Snellen Vision Chart – checks visus / visual acuity.
  • Reflex Hamer – checks the reflection ability of certain parts of our body, such as the knee.
  • Tong spatel – to press the tongue in order to check / see abnormalities in the throat, such as tonsils. Pharyngitis.
  • Laringeal mirror – to check and see the state in the mouth and throat.
  • Thermometer – to measure body temperature.
  • Stethoscope – as an acoustic medical device for auscultation or simply as a sound hearing device inside an animal or a human body.
  • Sphygmomanometer – to measure blood pressure.
  • Speculum – to check or see the inside part of the cavity.


Tools for surgical operation

  • Operation knife – for surgery.
  • Scissors – to cut body tissues.
  • Forceps – to clamp or hold objects.
  • Cilia tweezers – to pinch or pull hair.
  • Agrave Tweezer – to clip the clip on the wound so that the wound does not open.
  • Clamp or Clamp – a tool for clamping (holding and tapping) an object.
  • Artery clamps – to clamp the arteries.
  • Peritoneum forceps – to pinch the tissue of the stomach lining.
  • Needle Holders – for pinning sewing needles and sewing open wounds such as accidental injuries or surgery.
  • Sewing needles – for sewing wounds.
  • Surgical Thread – to bind blood vessels or approximation (bind / unite tissue).
  • Anatomy pincet – To clamp the screen, cotton, or alkes.
  • Bandage scissors – for cutting bandage / kassa.
  • Catgut – surgical sutures that are diabeticized by the body.

As a basis for the introduction of medical Equipment not all classes of tools are presented, only the health equipment available in pharmacies and often used by patients or used by medical and nurses at the hospital. Hopefully what we have given about the health equipment in the hospital complete with this function is helping you. May be useful.

 

Reference :

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kategori:Peralatan_medis
http://renditanjung.blogspot.co.id/2014/12/alat-kesehatan-fungsi-dan-gambar.html

9 WAYS FRUIT MAKES YOU HEALTHIER PERSON

Fruit is one of the most natural foods we can eat and it is full of health benefits. Here are just some of the 9 ways, demonstrating why fruit will make you a better person after eating today.

  1. Fruit Active Your Brain

Once you consume fruit, the natural sugars stimulate your brain to recall information quicker and easier than before.

  1. Fruits Hydrate You

Just like us, fruit is made up to of 70 – 80 % water, so it is logical for us to eat food that contains as much water as we doo. No other food in this planet matches thate average of 80% watr.

  1. Fruit Is 100% Bad-Cholesterol Free

Meat and dairy contain high amounts of bad – cholesterol whereas fruit is bad cholesterol free.

  1. Fruit Makes You Feel Good

Folate, also known as B9 or folic acid help to support seretonin (the happinness chemical) production. The more you eat the better you’ll feel. There are numerous innuendos that can be had with fruit. Laughter triggers an endorphin rush wich gives you that feel – good feeling. So more J please !

  1. Fruit Boots the Immune System

The Vitamin A in fruit helps to boost your body’s deenses by identifying pathogents an expelling them from your body.

  1. Fruit Fights Infection

Vitamin C helps to protect the cells in your body and keep them fighting fit toward of any evil harmful bacteria or viruses.

  1. Fruit Heals a Broken Heart

A literal broken heart can be caused by heart dissease. Each portion of fruit you much descreases that risk to you by a whopping 7%.

  1. Fruit for Living Longer

Indonesians spend the most money on treating diseases caused by obesity in Southeast Asia last year, a report by a public-private organization showed. Fruits make you so health and living longer. If everyone eats the recommended five a day, this number would be halved. So, don’t let us lose you early!

  1. Fruit isn’t Expensive

People often cite their lack of fruit snaffling on the cost to their wallet. Next time you visit a shop or supermarket, double check how much that pack of biscuits cost you compared to one apple. Cheaper is not ?

So, let’s be a healthy person by eating fruit every day!